The People

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These are the stories of Kenora participants in the First World War.

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  • Armstrong, Robert Wharton Image
  • Armstrong, Robert Wharton

  • According to his attestation papers Robert Wharton Armstrong was born on 14 October 1891 in South Shields, Durham in England. His father Robert Wharton Armstrong was from Sunderland in Durham while his mother Etta Moore was from High Shields, Durham, the couple marrying during the 3rd quarter of 1890. Robert was their first born child followed by Joseph Cox (1893), Elizabeth (abt 1894), William (1896), and James (abt 1899). The 1901 census found the family living in the Jarrow area of South Shields with father Robert working as a blacksmith in a shipyard. By the time of the 1911 census Elizabeth had passed away and it appears that Robert had left for Canada as he was not listed on the census. At the time of the census both Robert Jr and Joseph were working as miners and shifters while William was working as a coal screener. James was attending school.

    On 11 August 1911, in South Shields, Robert married Annie Forster. Born about 1893 in South Shields, it appears that her father died young with her mother Margaret marrying Joseph Maiers in 1904. In August of 1912 Robert and Annie gave birth to son Robert Wharton Armstrong. The next year Robert and his brother Joseph immigrated to Canada, arriving in Quebec aboard the Laurentic on 19 May. Listed as miners on the passenger list, the brothers were on their way to Winnipeg, Manitoba. Along with Robert’s mother Etta and his brothers William and James, Annie and the baby immigrated the next year, arriving in Quebec aboard the Empress of Britain on 6 June. In November of 1913 Robert moved to Dawson, New Mexico, with Annie and Robert Jr following in January of 1914. Dawson had become a mecca for coal miners from all over the world with immigrants arriving from Italy, China, Poland, Germany, Greece, Britain, Finland, Sweden, Canada, and Mexico. It is not known how long the young family stayed in Dawson as Robert’s obituary suggested that he lived in Racine, Wisconsin while working for the Ford Motor Company before transferring to Winnipeg with the company.

    Robert enlisted with the Royal Air Force on 5 June 1918, joining the service in Toronto on the 8th. Living in Winnipeg at the time, Robert had been working as an auto mechanic/motor body builder. His wife Annie in Winnipeg was given as next of kin, address later changed to Toronto. His year of birth was given as 1890. At the time of attestation Robert’s rank was given as Air Mechanic 3rd Class, appointed Air Mechanic 2nd Class on 1 November. Air mechanics worked as armourers, acetylene welders, blacksmiths, coppersmiths, tinsmiths, engine fitters, gear mechanics, aircraft riggers, electricians, magneto-repairers, fitters, machinists, and sailmakers. With the end of the war, Robert was discharged from service on 3 February 1919 in consequence of being surplus to RAF requirements (not having suffered impairment since entry into the service).

    After discharged Robert returned to Winnipeg where he signed his second set of attestation papers on 11 March 1919 as a Private with the 10th Detachment Canadian Garrison Regiment. His occupation was given as auto assembler and his wife Annie on St Mary’s Avenue as next of kin. He was discharged from service by reason of demobilization on 31 July 1919 in Winnipeg.

    At the time of the 1921 census Robert, Annie, and Robert Jr were living in the East Kildonan area of Winnipeg where he was working as a auto builder. His parents and siblings were also living in Winnipeg, his father working over the years as a blacksmith with the Canadian Pacific Railway, Weston shops. In October of 1934 Robert Jr married Pearl Hedberg in Brandon, Manitoba, with the couple making The Pas, Manitoba their home. Around 1937 Robert and Annie moved to Malachi, Ontario, a very small community with a train station on the Canadian National Railway about 40 kilometres northwest of Kenora. Robert was the postmaster for the community and operated a general store. During the summer months the area attracted vacationers from Winnipeg, travelling by train to Malachi as well as other stops along the railway.

    Robert died on 10 February 1959 in Malachi. He was predeceased by his mother Etta (1929), brother James (1946), father Robert (1950), and his brother Joseph (1958), all in Winnipeg. According to his obituary he was also predeceased by Annie (1948). At the time of his death Robert was survived by his son Robert and family in The Pas and brother William in Toronto. Robert is interred in an unmarked grave in the Lake of the Woods Cemetery in Kenora. His son Robert died in 1993, survived by his wife and three children and their families.

    By Judy Stockham

    Photo of Malachi train station: Canada-Rail, public domain

    Armstrong-Robert-Wharton-2 Armstrong-Robert-Wharton-3 Armstrong-Robert-Wharton-4 Armstrong-Robert-Wharton-5

  • Regimental Number:
  • Can 174591/3307713
  • Service Record:
  • Link to Service Record
  • Survived War:
  • Yes
  • Force:
  • Royal Air Force
  • Branch:
  • Royal Air Force (Canada)
  • Battalion:
  • Place of Birth:
  • South Shields, Durham
  • Country:
  • England
  • Next of Kin:
  • Annie Armstrong, wife, 249 King Street, Winnipeg, Manitoba
  • Address at Enlistment:
  • 249 King Edward Street, Winnipeg, Manitoba
  • Date of Birth:
  • October 14, 1891
  • Trade or Calling:
  • Auto Mechanic/Motor Body Builder
  • Marital Status:
  • Married
  • Place of Enlistment:
  • Winnipeg, Manitoba
  • Date of Enlistment:
  • June 5, 1918
  • Age at Enlistment:
  • 26
  • Religion:
  • Church of England
  • Enlisted or Conscripted:
  • Enlisted
  • Saw Service In:
  • Canada
  • Date of Death:
  • February 10, 1959
  • Age at Death:
  • 67
  • Buried at:
  • Lake of the Woods Cemetery, Kenora, Ontario
  • Plot:
  • 54E-21-2
  • Prisoner of War:
  • No
  • According to his attestation papers Robert Wharton Armstrong was born on 14 October 1891 in South Shields, Durham in England. His father Robert Wharton Armstrong was from Sunderland in Durham while his mother Etta Moore was from High Shields, Durham, the couple marrying during the 3rd quarter of 1890. Robert was their first born child followed by Joseph Cox (1893), Elizabeth (abt 1894), William (1896), and James (abt 1899). The 1901 census found the family living in the Jarrow area of South Shields with father Robert working as a blacksmith in a shipyard. By the time of the 1911 census Elizabeth had passed away and it appears that Robert had left for Canada as he was not listed on the census. At the time of the census both Robert Jr and Joseph were working as miners and shifters while William was working as a coal screener. James was attending school.

    On 11 August 1911, in South Shields, Robert married Annie Forster. Born about 1893 in South Shields, it appears that her father died young with her mother Margaret marrying Joseph Maiers in 1904. In August of 1912 Robert and Annie gave birth to son Robert Wharton Armstrong. The next year Robert and his brother Joseph immigrated to Canada, arriving in Quebec aboard the Laurentic on 19 May. Listed as miners on the passenger list, the brothers were on their way to Winnipeg, Manitoba. Along with Robert’s mother Etta and his brothers William and James, Annie and the baby immigrated the next year, arriving in Quebec aboard the Empress of Britain on 6 June. In November of 1913 Robert moved to Dawson, New Mexico, with Annie and Robert Jr following in January of 1914. Dawson had become a mecca for coal miners from all over the world with immigrants arriving from Italy, China, Poland, Germany, Greece, Britain, Finland, Sweden, Canada, and Mexico. It is not known how long the young family stayed in Dawson as Robert’s obituary suggested that he lived in Racine, Wisconsin while working for the Ford Motor Company before transferring to Winnipeg with the company.

    Robert enlisted with the Royal Air Force on 5 June 1918, joining the service in Toronto on the 8th. Living in Winnipeg at the time, Robert had been working as an auto mechanic/motor body builder. His wife Annie in Winnipeg was given as next of kin, address later changed to Toronto. His year of birth was given as 1890. At the time of attestation Robert’s rank was given as Air Mechanic 3rd Class, appointed Air Mechanic 2nd Class on 1 November. Air mechanics worked as armourers, acetylene welders, blacksmiths, coppersmiths, tinsmiths, engine fitters, gear mechanics, aircraft riggers, electricians, magneto-repairers, fitters, machinists, and sailmakers. With the end of the war, Robert was discharged from service on 3 February 1919 in consequence of being surplus to RAF requirements (not having suffered impairment since entry into the service).

    After discharged Robert returned to Winnipeg where he signed his second set of attestation papers on 11 March 1919 as a Private with the 10th Detachment Canadian Garrison Regiment. His occupation was given as auto assembler and his wife Annie on St Mary’s Avenue as next of kin. He was discharged from service by reason of demobilization on 31 July 1919 in Winnipeg.

    At the time of the 1921 census Robert, Annie, and Robert Jr were living in the East Kildonan area of Winnipeg where he was working as a auto builder. His parents and siblings were also living in Winnipeg, his father working over the years as a blacksmith with the Canadian Pacific Railway, Weston shops. In October of 1934 Robert Jr married Pearl Hedberg in Brandon, Manitoba, with the couple making The Pas, Manitoba their home. Around 1937 Robert and Annie moved to Malachi, Ontario, a very small community with a train station on the Canadian National Railway about 40 kilometres northwest of Kenora. Robert was the postmaster for the community and operated a general store. During the summer months the area attracted vacationers from Winnipeg, travelling by train to Malachi as well as other stops along the railway.

    Robert died on 10 February 1959 in Malachi. He was predeceased by his mother Etta (1929), brother James (1946), father Robert (1950), and his brother Joseph (1958), all in Winnipeg. According to his obituary he was also predeceased by Annie (1948). At the time of his death Robert was survived by his son Robert and family in The Pas and brother William in Toronto. Robert is interred in an unmarked grave in the Lake of the Woods Cemetery in Kenora. His son Robert died in 1993, survived by his wife and three children and their families.

    By Judy Stockham

    Photo of Malachi train station: Canada-Rail, public domain

    Armstrong-Robert-Wharton-2 Armstrong-Robert-Wharton-3 Armstrong-Robert-Wharton-4 Armstrong-Robert-Wharton-5

  • « Return to all stories
  • Armstrong, Robert Wharton Image
  • Regimental Number:
  • Can 174591/3307713
  • Force:
  • Royal Air Force
  • Battalion:
  • Place of Birth:
  • South Shields, Durham
  • Next of Kin:
  • Annie Armstrong, wife, 249 King Street, Winnipeg, Manitoba
  • Date of Birth:
  • October 14, 1891
  • Survived War:
  • Yes
  • Branch:
  • Royal Air Force (Canada)
  • Country:
  • England
  • Address at Enlistment:
  • 249 King Edward Street, Winnipeg, Manitoba
  • Trade or Calling:
  • Auto Mechanic/Motor Body Builder
  • Marital Status:
  • Married
  • Place of Enlistment:
  • Winnipeg, Manitoba
  • Date of Enlistment:
  • June 5, 1918
  • Age at Enlistment:
  • 26
  • Religion:
  • Church of England
  • Enlisted or Conscripted:
  • Enlisted
  • Saw Service In:
  • Canada
  • Date of Death:
  • February 10, 1959
  • Age at Death:
  • 67
  • Buried at:
  • Lake of the Woods Cemetery, Kenora, Ontario
  • Plot:
  • 54E-21-2
  • Prisoner of War:
  • No
  • Armstrong, Robert Wharton

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