The People

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These are the stories of Kenora participants in the First World War.

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  • Sauerbrei, Mark Image
  • Sauerbrei, Mark

  • Mark Sauerbrei was born on 25 April 1896 in Las Palmas, Canary Islands, Spain. His father John Sauerbrei was born in Bavaria, Germany (according to the 1901 England census record) and from an early age was involved in the hotel management business, starting his career in Belgium. Over the course of his life he managed hotels in Holland, France, Canary Islands, England, Quebec, and Toronto, Ontario before moving to Kenora in northwestern Ontario in 1914 when he purchased the Dalmore Hotel. Mark’s mother Ellen Matilda Veasey, daughter of Willoughby and Sarah (née Johnson) Veasey, was born in Attleborough, Warwickshire, England. Educated in Manchester, she worked as a nurse for seven years at the Manchester Royal Infirmary. Other children born to the family in Las Palmas were Claude (1897) and John (1899). The family was found on the 1901 England census at the Crown Hotel in Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland. In 1910 the three boys were listed as passengers on the Dakar, traveling from Las Palmas to Liverpool.

    John SR immigrated to Quebec, Canada first, Ellen and the children were found on the 24 April 1912 passenger list of the Royal George, destination given as Quebec, purpose to join hotel manager husband. Claude and John were listed at Toronto’s Upper Canada College as students for 1912-1913; it stated that their father was managing the CNR Hotel Krausmann in Toronto. Previous schooling included Elmhurst School for Boys, South Croydon; it is likely that Mark also attended Elmhurst.

    The three Sauerbrei boys signed their attestation papers in Kenora within days of each other, Claude on February 12, John on February 14, and Mark on February 15 in 1916. Mark, age 19, gave his occupation as packer, presumably with the Lake of the Woods Milling Company in nearby Keewatin, he had brown hair and eyes. Recruiting for the 94th Battalion, based in Port Arthur, Ontario, had begun in late 1915, drawing from throughout northwestern Ontario. In May of 1915 companies from Kenora and Fort Frances moved to Port Arthur and in early June left for “summer camp” as they called it in Valcartier, Quebec. On 28 June 1916, with the 94th Battalion, aboard the SS Olympic, Mark, Claude, and John embarked from Halifax on their way overseas.

    Once in England the 94th Battalion ceased to exist and Claude and John were transferred to the 17th Reserve Battalion while Mark was transferred to the 32nd Reserve Battalion and appointed Acting Lance Corporal. In late September he was transferred to the 28th Battalion, arriving in the field in mid October. In November of 1917 he was appointed Lance Corporal and was awarded a Good Conduct Badge the following February.

    Mark sustained the first of his injuries, gun shot wounds to the head and neck, on 13 May 1918 and spent time at the Liverpool Merchants Mobile Hospital in Etaples and recuperating at the Convalescent Depot in Trouville. He was promoted to Corporal on 24 May 1918, and awarded the Military Medal on 12 July 1918. Just a short time back in the trenches, on 27 August 1918, he sustained a gun shot wound to the arm and was admitted to the #34 General Hospital in Etaples before being invalided to England. After stays at the #12 CW General Hospital in Liverpool and the  Princess Patricia Canadian Red Cross Hospital in Bexhill he was discharged on 17 October 1918. For the balance of the war, Mark served as Corporal with the 2nd Canadian Convalescent Depot in England, returning to Canada in April of 1919.

    Although Mark gave his intended destination at discharge as Calgary, Alberta, he was found living with his parents and brothers at the Dalmore Hotel in Kenora in the 1921 census, occupation given as “borer”, Forestry. On 20 April 1937 he married Agnes Neufeld in Kenora. Agnes, daughter of David and Katherine (née Schellenberg) Neufeld, had been born in Rosthern, Saskatchewan. Mark and Agnes moved to Port Arthur where they gave birth to three children, a son (John) Alan and two daughters, Barbara and Patricia. Although given the title as Reverend in his obituary, Mark worked for the Department of Lands and Forests, found listed as a fire ranger in the 1940 Voters List, a fire inspector in 1945, and as Department of Lands and Forests in 1957. By 1960 he had retired and was living in southern Ontario.

    Predeceased by his mother Ellen in 1938, his father John in 1944, brother John in 1945, all in Kenora, and brother Claude in Tennessee in 1959, Mark Sauerbrei died on 13 June 1983 in Toronto. He is interred in the St James the Less Chapel Cemetery, Toronto. At the time of his death he was survived by his wife Agnes (1904-1997), daughter Barbara (1940-1997), both of Toronto, daughter Patricia, Oakville, and son Alan (1938-1993) and family of Sudbury.

    Mark’s brothers Claude and John were both transferred from the 17th Reserve Battalion to the 16th and did service in France. John was later transferred to the 3rd Canadian Machine Gun Company. He was hospitalized for measles upon arrival in England, in France suffering from furunculosis, boils on his face, and then near the end of the war while on leave in England, for influenza. John returned to Kenora and later married Kathleen Murray; they had four children. At the time of his death, John was managing the Dalmore. Claude became ill in October of 1918 and did not return to Canada until July of 1919. Having obtained a BA, MA, and PhD at the University of Toronto, Claude graduated from Bishop’s University in Lennoxville, Quebec in 1924 and was Professor of Theology at Bishop’s from 1929-1934. He was vice warden of the Anglican Theological College in Rangoon, Burma. At the time of his death he was a professor in the Faculty of Divinity at the University of the South in Sewanee, Tennessee.

    Mark is commemorated on the St. Alban’s Pro-Cathedral First World War Roll of Honour.

    by Judy Stockham

    photos: Lake of the Woods Museum Archives
    newspaper clippings: Kenora Miner and News
    Canada Military Honours and Awards Citation card: Library and Archives Canada
    obituary: Thunder Bay Chronicle Journal, courtesy of the Thunder Bay Public Library

    KMN 27 May 1916

    KMN 27 May 1916

    KMN 24 March 1917

    KMN 24 March 1917

    KMN 25 May 1918

    KMN 25 May 1918

    KMN 13 July 1918

    KMN 13 July 1918

    KMN 4 September 1918

    KMN 4 September 1918

    KMN 2 October 1918

    KMN 2 October 1918

    Dalmore Hotel

    Dalmore Hotel

    Ellen Sauerbrei

    Ellen Sauerbrei

    TBCJ 23 June 1983

    TBCJ 23 June 1983

  • Regimental Number:
  • 198960
  • Service Record:
  • Link to Service Record
  • Survived War:
  • Yes
  • Force:
  • Army
  • Branch:
  • Canadian Infantry
  • Battalion:
  • 28th Battalion
  • Place of Birth:
  • Las Palmas, Canary Islands
  • Country:
  • Spain
  • Next of Kin:
  • Ellen Sauerbrei, mother, Dalmore Hotel, Kenora, Ontario
  • Address at Enlistment:
  • Dalmore Hotel, Kenora, Ontario
  • Date of Birth:
  • April 25, 1896
  • Trade or Calling:
  • Packer
  • Marital Status:
  • Single
  • Place of Enlistment:
  • Kenora, Ontario
  • Date of Enlistment:
  • February 15, 1916
  • Age at Enlistment:
  • 19
  • Religion:
  • Church of England
  • Enlisted or Conscripted:
  • Enlisted
  • Saw Service In:
  • Europe
  • Date of Death:
  • June 13, 1983
  • Age at Death:
  • 87
  • Buried at:
  • St James Cemetery, Toronto, Ontario
  • Plot:
  • Prisoner of War:
  • No
  • Mark Sauerbrei was born on 25 April 1896 in Las Palmas, Canary Islands, Spain. His father John Sauerbrei was born in Bavaria, Germany (according to the 1901 England census record) and from an early age was involved in the hotel management business, starting his career in Belgium. Over the course of his life he managed hotels in Holland, France, Canary Islands, England, Quebec, and Toronto, Ontario before moving to Kenora in northwestern Ontario in 1914 when he purchased the Dalmore Hotel. Mark’s mother Ellen Matilda Veasey, daughter of Willoughby and Sarah (née Johnson) Veasey, was born in Attleborough, Warwickshire, England. Educated in Manchester, she worked as a nurse for seven years at the Manchester Royal Infirmary. Other children born to the family in Las Palmas were Claude (1897) and John (1899). The family was found on the 1901 England census at the Crown Hotel in Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland. In 1910 the three boys were listed as passengers on the Dakar, traveling from Las Palmas to Liverpool.

    John SR immigrated to Quebec, Canada first, Ellen and the children were found on the 24 April 1912 passenger list of the Royal George, destination given as Quebec, purpose to join hotel manager husband. Claude and John were listed at Toronto’s Upper Canada College as students for 1912-1913; it stated that their father was managing the CNR Hotel Krausmann in Toronto. Previous schooling included Elmhurst School for Boys, South Croydon; it is likely that Mark also attended Elmhurst.

    The three Sauerbrei boys signed their attestation papers in Kenora within days of each other, Claude on February 12, John on February 14, and Mark on February 15 in 1916. Mark, age 19, gave his occupation as packer, presumably with the Lake of the Woods Milling Company in nearby Keewatin, he had brown hair and eyes. Recruiting for the 94th Battalion, based in Port Arthur, Ontario, had begun in late 1915, drawing from throughout northwestern Ontario. In May of 1915 companies from Kenora and Fort Frances moved to Port Arthur and in early June left for “summer camp” as they called it in Valcartier, Quebec. On 28 June 1916, with the 94th Battalion, aboard the SS Olympic, Mark, Claude, and John embarked from Halifax on their way overseas.

    Once in England the 94th Battalion ceased to exist and Claude and John were transferred to the 17th Reserve Battalion while Mark was transferred to the 32nd Reserve Battalion and appointed Acting Lance Corporal. In late September he was transferred to the 28th Battalion, arriving in the field in mid October. In November of 1917 he was appointed Lance Corporal and was awarded a Good Conduct Badge the following February.

    Mark sustained the first of his injuries, gun shot wounds to the head and neck, on 13 May 1918 and spent time at the Liverpool Merchants Mobile Hospital in Etaples and recuperating at the Convalescent Depot in Trouville. He was promoted to Corporal on 24 May 1918, and awarded the Military Medal on 12 July 1918. Just a short time back in the trenches, on 27 August 1918, he sustained a gun shot wound to the arm and was admitted to the #34 General Hospital in Etaples before being invalided to England. After stays at the #12 CW General Hospital in Liverpool and the  Princess Patricia Canadian Red Cross Hospital in Bexhill he was discharged on 17 October 1918. For the balance of the war, Mark served as Corporal with the 2nd Canadian Convalescent Depot in England, returning to Canada in April of 1919.

    Although Mark gave his intended destination at discharge as Calgary, Alberta, he was found living with his parents and brothers at the Dalmore Hotel in Kenora in the 1921 census, occupation given as “borer”, Forestry. On 20 April 1937 he married Agnes Neufeld in Kenora. Agnes, daughter of David and Katherine (née Schellenberg) Neufeld, had been born in Rosthern, Saskatchewan. Mark and Agnes moved to Port Arthur where they gave birth to three children, a son (John) Alan and two daughters, Barbara and Patricia. Although given the title as Reverend in his obituary, Mark worked for the Department of Lands and Forests, found listed as a fire ranger in the 1940 Voters List, a fire inspector in 1945, and as Department of Lands and Forests in 1957. By 1960 he had retired and was living in southern Ontario.

    Predeceased by his mother Ellen in 1938, his father John in 1944, brother John in 1945, all in Kenora, and brother Claude in Tennessee in 1959, Mark Sauerbrei died on 13 June 1983 in Toronto. He is interred in the St James the Less Chapel Cemetery, Toronto. At the time of his death he was survived by his wife Agnes (1904-1997), daughter Barbara (1940-1997), both of Toronto, daughter Patricia, Oakville, and son Alan (1938-1993) and family of Sudbury.

    Mark’s brothers Claude and John were both transferred from the 17th Reserve Battalion to the 16th and did service in France. John was later transferred to the 3rd Canadian Machine Gun Company. He was hospitalized for measles upon arrival in England, in France suffering from furunculosis, boils on his face, and then near the end of the war while on leave in England, for influenza. John returned to Kenora and later married Kathleen Murray; they had four children. At the time of his death, John was managing the Dalmore. Claude became ill in October of 1918 and did not return to Canada until July of 1919. Having obtained a BA, MA, and PhD at the University of Toronto, Claude graduated from Bishop’s University in Lennoxville, Quebec in 1924 and was Professor of Theology at Bishop’s from 1929-1934. He was vice warden of the Anglican Theological College in Rangoon, Burma. At the time of his death he was a professor in the Faculty of Divinity at the University of the South in Sewanee, Tennessee.

    Mark is commemorated on the St. Alban’s Pro-Cathedral First World War Roll of Honour.

    by Judy Stockham

    photos: Lake of the Woods Museum Archives
    newspaper clippings: Kenora Miner and News
    Canada Military Honours and Awards Citation card: Library and Archives Canada
    obituary: Thunder Bay Chronicle Journal, courtesy of the Thunder Bay Public Library

    KMN 27 May 1916

    KMN 27 May 1916

    KMN 24 March 1917

    KMN 24 March 1917

    KMN 25 May 1918

    KMN 25 May 1918

    KMN 13 July 1918

    KMN 13 July 1918

    KMN 4 September 1918

    KMN 4 September 1918

    KMN 2 October 1918

    KMN 2 October 1918

    Dalmore Hotel

    Dalmore Hotel

    Ellen Sauerbrei

    Ellen Sauerbrei

    TBCJ 23 June 1983

    TBCJ 23 June 1983

  • « Return to all stories
  • Sauerbrei, Mark Image
  • Regimental Number:
  • 198960
  • Force:
  • Army
  • Battalion:
  • 28th Battalion
  • Place of Birth:
  • Las Palmas, Canary Islands
  • Next of Kin:
  • Ellen Sauerbrei, mother, Dalmore Hotel, Kenora, Ontario
  • Date of Birth:
  • April 25, 1896
  • Survived War:
  • Yes
  • Branch:
  • Canadian Infantry
  • Country:
  • Spain
  • Address at Enlistment:
  • Dalmore Hotel, Kenora, Ontario
  • Trade or Calling:
  • Packer
  • Marital Status:
  • Single
  • Place of Enlistment:
  • Kenora, Ontario
  • Date of Enlistment:
  • February 15, 1916
  • Age at Enlistment:
  • 19
  • Religion:
  • Church of England
  • Enlisted or Conscripted:
  • Enlisted
  • Saw Service In:
  • Europe
  • Date of Death:
  • June 13, 1983
  • Age at Death:
  • 87
  • Buried at:
  • St James Cemetery, Toronto, Ontario
  • Plot:
  • Prisoner of War:
  • No
  • Sauerbrei, Mark

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